0. Contents


  1. Syntax
  2. Semantics

This page is about the non-leniting, dative-governing preposition aig. Many of its properties are already described on the page about prepositions.

1. Syntax


a. Unlike most other dative-governing prepositions, aig can be immediately followed by a form of the definite article (in other words, it has no definite variant).

For example:
  • aig a' bhòrd (at the table), aig na bùird (at the tables), cf. aig bòrd (at a table), aig bùird (at tables).
  • aig an eilean (at the island), aig na h-eileanan (at the islands), cf. aig eilean (at an island), aig eileanan (at islands).

b. The set of conjugated prepositions for aig is as follows:

singular


masc
fem
plural
first
agam
againn
second
agad
agaibh
third
aige
aice
aca

For example:
  • agam is used instead of *aig mi (at me).
  • aige is used instead of *aig e (at him).

c. There is also a set of emphatic conjugated prepositions:

singular


masc
fem
plural
first
agamsa
againne
second
agadsa
agaibhse
third
aige-san
aicese
acasan

d. Here is the set of possessive prepositions for aig:

singular
plural
first
gam
gar
second
gad
gur
third
ga
gaN

For example:
  • gad thaigh is an optional variant on aig do thaigh (at your house).
  • gam bòrd is an optional variant on aig am bòrd (at their table).

e. [Note on aig changing to ag (or a') before a verbal noun? i.e. the progressive aspect.]

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2. Semantics


2.1. Space


2.2. Time


2.3. Others


a. Possession:
  • Tha cat aig Iain. (John has a cat)
  • Tha cù aig Màiri. (Mary has a dog)
  • Tha leabhar aig Anna. (Ann has a book)
  • Tha taigh aige. (He has a house)
  • Tha airgead aice. (She has money)
  • an cat agam (my cat)

b. Knowing facts:
  • Tha fios aig Iain. Tha a fhios aig Iain. (John knows)
  • Chan eil fios agam. Chan eil a fhios agam. (I don't know)

c. Progressive aspect (with verbal nouns) - ag:
  • Tha mi ag èisteachd. (I am listening)
  • Tha mi ag iarraidh ìm agus càise. (I want butter and cheese)
  • Bha Iain a' sgrìobadh litir. (John was writing a letter)

Others:
  • Bha mi aig na bùthan. (I was at the shops)
  • Bha mi aig an taigh. (I was at home)

Bha latha dheth aig màthair Anna Disathairne. (Anna's mother had a day off on Saturday)
Thàinig iad dhachaigh aig còig uairean air a' bhus. (They came home at five o'clock on the bus)

Is e buidheann aig cridhe obair na Pàrlamaid a th’ anns a’ Bhiùro. (The Bureau is a body at the heart of the Parliament's work)

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