This page is about common noun derivational prefixes.

1. ban


a. ban- converts a masculine common noun denoting a kind of man, into a feminine common noun denoting a kind of woman.

b. The form ban- is followed by a vowel, a non-lenited dental consonant, or a lenited f-.

ban-aba
an abbess


ban-acta(i)r
an actress


ban-adair
a (female) milliner
adair
a milliner
ban-adhaltraiche
an adultress


ban-Albannach
a Scotswoman
Albannach
a Scotsman
ban-arach
a dairymaid
arach
a (male) cowfeeder
ban-dia
a goddess


ban-diabhal
a she-devil


ban-diùc
a duchess
diùc
a duke
ban-Dòmhnallach
a MacDonald woman
Dòmhnallach
a MacDonald
ban-draoidh
a sorceress


ban-dubharaiche
a dowager


ban-Eireannach
an Irishwoman


ban-fhàigh
a prophetess


ban-fhigheach
a female weaver


ban-Fhrangach
a Frenchwoman


ban-iarla
a countess
iarla
an earl, count
ban-Innseanach
a squaw


ban-ìompaire
an empress


ban-leòghainn
a lioness


ban-Iudhach
a Jewess


ban-laoch
a heroine


ban-nàbaidh
a female neighbour


ban-naomh
a female saint, nun
naomh
a male saint
ban-ogha
a granddaughter


ban-oglach
a (female) servant
oglach
a (male) servant
ban-oid-ionnsachaidh
a governess


ban-oighre
an heiress


ban-ridire
a baroness


ban-rìgh
a queen
rìgh
a king
ban-sagart
a priestess


Ban-sasunnach
an Englishwoman
Sasunnach
an Englishman
ban-Sgitheanach
a Skyewoman


ban-sglamhaire
a harpy


*ban-sheinneadair
a female singer


ban-stiùbhard
a stewardess


ban-suathadair
a masseuse


*ban-tighearna
a lady, dame
tighearna
a lord, laird

ban-sith? (a banshee, female fairy?)
baintighearna?
baineach?

c. The form bana- is followed by a lenited non-dental consonant.

bana-bhàrd
a poetess


bana-bhiocais
a viscountess


bana-bhuachaille
a shepherdess


bana-bhuidseach
a witch


bana-charaid
a kinswoman, a female friend


bana-cheannaiche
a saleswoman


bana-cheàrd
a tinkerwoman
ceàrd
a tinker
bana-chéile
a wife
cèile
a husband
bana-chleasaiche
an actress


bana-chlèireach
a clerkess


bana-chliamhain(n)
a daughter-in-law


bana-chòcaire
a cook


bana-chompanach
a friend, companion


bana-Chuimreach
a Welshwoman


bana-churaidh
an amazon


bana-Ghàidheal
a Highland woman


bana-ghaisgeach
a heroine


bana-ghoistidh
a godmother


bana-mhaigh(i)stir
a mistress
maighstir
a master
bana-mhaigh(i)stir-sgoile
a headmistress


bana-mhanaidsear
a manageress


bana-mharcas
a marchioness


bana-mhorair
a lady
morair
a lord
bana-phrionnsa
a princess


bana-rùnaire
a secretary


*bana-Shasannach
an Englishwoman


*bana-Sgitheanach
a Skyewoman


*bana-stiùbhard
a stewardess







cf. banachag, banachaig, banchaig - a milkmaid
banaltram - a nurse
banarach - a dairymaid, milkmaid
bànrigh, banrigh, banrighinn - a queen

d. Inflected forms are formed in the same way as the root nouns. In other words, the prefix applies to word forms.

e. The prefix does not carry stress. (Hence the hyphen)